Written by Foam Factory, Inc.
Flexible polyurethane foam is widely used in our everyday lives. We come into constant contact with them in our mattress Canada, car seats and even our upholstered furniture at home. There is a high likelihood that there are many more applications of polyurethane foam that we come across every day without ever knowing.
Polyurethane is the most publicly known member of a wide-ranging family of polymers. As a polymer, it can have a solid or open cell structure. The open cellular structure is what we call foam. Depending on how the form is manufactured, it can be flexible or rigid. Closed cell foams are the stronger more rigid variety that has trapped gas bubbles. Open cell, on the other hand, is softer and has a sponge-like holes.
Manufacturers make polyurethane foam by reacting Polyols and Diisocyanates, both products derived from crude oil. A series of additives are then used to create high-quality foam products, depending on the application the foam will be used for.
As far as applications go, the rigid form of the foam is used for industrial purposes. For example, rigid polyurethane foam is used for the thermal insulation of buildings. Flexible foam is used for mattresses, cushions, and furniture. Some flexible foam is also molded for specific applications like car seats.
The applications are virtually endless, ranging from items as small as a kitchen sponge to a soundproofing systems in cinemas.
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